37 Different Types of Clamps with Pictures

Clamps are integral tools that clasp materials together or also fix the material in their places. They have a variety of uses in woodworking, metalworking, and manufacturing. They are also very useful in hobbies and art and craft also like jewelry making. This article discusses the various kinds of clamps that are in use and the different types too from ordinary ones to exclusive ones.

The Clamp Construction

Clamps are generally available in plastic or metal. Since the jaws of the clamp are the most important part of the clamp, they are usually made of metal. Metal is used for the jaws because it makes certain that the grip of the jaw is firm, powerful, and remains intact for a long time.

The handle, however, could be made of wood or rubber also as the material it is made of is not so significant for its practicality. The material is important only as far as the comfort of using the clamp is concerned.

Out of all the options available, steel is the most preferred for metal handles. This is because it is tough and is the most durable. In spite of all these advantages, it is not really convenient to hold and use.

Hence, more comfortable materials like plastic, rubber or wood, which make handling easy are normally used for the handle. There is something important to remember about these materials. However, they are prone to breaking if stressed and will definitely not last well in severe temperatures.

When temperatures drop a lot, these materials, especially plastic, can give way resulting in a useless clamp. For this reason, plastic is used entirely only for those clamps that are not designed for heavy-duty applications.

These fully plastic clamps work very well for ventures that are not very big and are not at all expensive too. However, we must bear in mind that they are definitely not durable and cannot compete with metal clamps in performance and strength.

Different Types of Clamps

Clamps are of various types ranging from simple ones that are multipurpose and can be utilized for various purposes to specialized ones such as surgical clamps. This article talks about the various kinds of clamps available, their varied uses, their method of operation, and whether they are appropriate for your requirements and undertakings.

The Sash Clamp

Types of Clamps

Sometimes, we will need to work on big surfaces such as windows and doors and the perfect clamp for this kind of work is the sash clamp since it is also huge. The very name of the clamp originates from the name of a particular type of window known as sash windows.

It acquired this name since it is used popularly with these windows. The lengthy bar in these clamps comes in rather useful to hold big objects firmly in their places. For excellent results, it is recommended that you use two of these slash clamps simultaneously.

The above-mentioned bar has a fixed jaw that can be made tighter or looser by means of a screw. Apart from this, they are also fitted with a moveable jaw that moves the entire stretch of the bar.

Hence, it can be used to fix the project at any desired place. At times, when we glue two things together, we need to clasp them firmly until they fix absolutely well. These clamps are ideal for such use.

The Spring Clamp

Types of Clamps

These clamps, whose main mode of operation is a tension spring, are held manually. Once they are located in the right position, their strength guarantees that the grip is firm and they do not shift.

Thus, the one who is using the clamp gains a steady and safe grip. They come in a variety of sizes since the projects that they are used for also are of different proportions. The material used for these clamps is metal which gives it the advantage of strength.

But, to prevent getting hurt by the metal, the handle and the tips usually have a covering made of PVC. They are very effective when used for jobs such as carpentry, jewelry making, and craft. If you have the need to use a clamp for solder work, the same spring clamp can double up and help you out. All you have to do for this is to take off the PVC covering of the tips.

The Power Clamp & Pneumatic Clamp

Types of Clamps

These are solid clamps that latch on to each other with a lot of firmness and strength. Since they are required to clamp and unclamp at particular times regularly, they are automated for easier use.

Initially, when manual clamps were used extensively in the automotive industry, the need for enhanced capacity gave rise to power clamps. This helped people do away with manual clamps too.

After this, these clamps gained a lot of popularity in various uses such as including assembly lines and manufacturing industries. Because these clamps are driven by technology and no human handling is involved, a lot of time is saved.

There are fields where it is difficult to approach the place of operation such as drainage lines and isolated areas. In such cases, these automated clamps are a boon.

The Toggle Clamp

Types of Clamps

These clamps are not very big and are ideal for use in metalworking, woodworking, and drilling. They are equipped with a bar that is flat. This bar grips your equipment tightly and retains it at the necessary location.

There is also a handle that can be moved backward and forward. These movements help to decrease or increase the grip. The handle is the main part of the clamp as it controls the clamp and is integral to the working of the clamp. Apart from this, in order to enhance the force of pressure, there are pins and levers that are also provided.

The Pinch Dog

Types of Clamps

These clamps are also not very big and are mainly used in woodworking. Though they resemble a square bridge, their tips are pointed and sharp. In woodworking, it is common to stick two pieces of wood with gum and leave them to dry so that they become one unit.

For this to happen, we usually need something that ensures that the wood pieces do not move until they stick together. The pinch dog comes in very handy here and if it is hammered into the wood, it makes sure that the wood pieces stay securely in place till the process is over.

There is also a reason for the pointed ends. These pointed ends serve to push the pieces of wood further towards each other forming a stable and clean glue line. How closely the wood pieces are pushed together depends on how deeply the pinch dog is hammered in. Though these clamps are fashioned very simply, they are incredibly important tools for anyone who works with wood.

Step Clamp

Types of Clamps

These multi-purpose clamps are used in a variety of industries, but the most common industries are milling and machining. Usually, these clamps are made of metal with a finishing touch of enamel.

They stand apart from the other clamps in the fact that their edges are not smooth but serrated. In fact, these look like a flight of stairs. To do their duty, these clamps need three items, namely, the clamp, the clamp support, and a bolt with a nut that is used to hold the clamp firmly.

There are many advantages to these clamps. These clamps are fashioned so simply, that they can be worked effortlessly, and additionally, they are not a strain on the wallet too. These powerful clamps are very efficient in what they do.

The Bench Clamp

Types of Clamps

As the name indicates, these clamps are used with benches. When working with wood, it is essential to secure wood when processes such as sawing, drilling, and planning are going on. These clamps come in very handy with these procedures.

When we use these clamps, the bench doubles up and functions as the jaw of the clamp. These metal-made clamps come in a wide range of patterns and dimensions. These affordable clamps are fundamental to carpentry.

The Web Clamp & Strap Clamp

Types of Clamps

These tools are necessary when making furniture and when working with wood in general. They operate with a cord or fabric belt which wraps itself around the item being worked with. Thus, it manages to keep the item firmly held.

If you want to apply more pressure, you could use a ratchet to make the belt tighter. There are many instances when we have to transfer huge items from one place to another and these clamps are ideal for such situations.

They just need to be firmly fixed onto the required item so that it can be lifted up and put into a truck or it can help to just pin down the item in the required location until the job is over. If the item you are working with is fragile and can get ruined easily, the corner pieces of the clamp can be excluded.

The Pipe Clamp

Types of Clamps
Source: Hilti.com

These clamps are known by another name too – Gluing clamps. The names give us an indication of how they are used. They are utilized with pipes and their basic function is to fix the materials that need to be stuck together firmly in their places.

These clamps and the sash clamps are identical in function. The only difference is that the pipe clamps contain a shaft that is cylindrical in the place of a flat bar.  This cylindrical shaft clamps itself around a pipe.

This can be made to hold the pipe more firmly by using a type of screws that tighten it. This clamp comes with an adjustable jaw. It can be adapted to different positions and works equally efficiently in all these positions.

The Wire Rope Clamp

Types of Clamps

This kind of clamp is very special and is normally not available readily anywhere. In case there is a requirement for this clamp, it is available online or with a person who specializes in selling special clamps.

Their function is to fasten pieces of wire that have broken away to the rope again. For this reason, they are also called wire rope clips. The main parts of this kind of clamp are a metal saddle and some bolts.

These parts clutch all the different parts together. The function of the bolts is to make the clamp tighter or looser. The only disadvantage of these clamps is that they are not multipurpose. This means that other than the above-mentioned function, they are not useful elsewhere.

The Marman Clamp

Types of Clamps

This clamp is round in shape and is made of metal. The round is broken in the middle and there is a gap there. This is where a bolt is attached. This is to help to make the clamp tight or loose.

If we need to keep two pipes or cylinders together, then, this is the ideal clamp to use. The comfortable bracket that is provided helps to free the cylinders swiftly. This powerful clamp is very useful and is used in working with fuel lines in aircraft.

The Bench Vise

Types of Clamps

This type of clamp also gets its name from the kind of function it does. It is attached straightaway to a bench or on any surface that needs to be worked on. There is a clamp that faces upward that is provided.

This can be made looser or tighter using a lever. These heavy duty tools are normally made of steel and are used in work involving wood. There are many occasions when the wood has to be drilled, sanded, or planed.

During these processes, the wood has to be held firmly in the correct place and these clamps are the best for this kind of job. There are different types of this clamp available. You can choose ones that can be fixed on to benches once and for all.

Otherwise, if you need to move it around for your work, then portable varieties are also available. This portable kind can be fixed and removed from surfaces effortlessly using screws that are provided for the purpose.

The Mitre Clamp

Types of Clamps

We need special clamps to clasp items that have miter joints. A miter clamp does this job perfectly well. Ideally, these clamps hold two pieces of wood. The clamp forces these pieces close to each other.

This makes it easy for you to finish working with the wood. The basic type of this kind of clamp is shaped like the letter C. It also has springs in place to push the pieces together. However, this is only the basic kind.

There are several other kinds of more advanced types also available. These clamps have multiple parts which help the tool to be flexible, dependable, and operative. Some of them are equipped with jaws that can be shifted. The others, however, are fitted with a right-angled clamp to perform primary functions.

The Quick Action Clamp

Types of Clamps

The biggest advantage with these kinds of clamps is that you just need one hand to work with this clamp. This makes it very handy. Since one hand is free when you work with this clamp, the other hand can be used to the item you are working on and which is being held by the clamp.

It is also provided with a button that also can be operated with only one finger. This makes very rapid activity possible. This clamp is powerful and versatile also. Among the clamps operated manually, this is extremely effortless to use.

The G Clamp

Types of Clamps

These clamps resemble capital G or C and hence get their name. These clamps are so commonly in use that they are synonymous with the word clamp. The part of the clamp that is shaped like a C holds the surface and the item you are working on together. The job of the lengthy screw that is provided is to make the jaw tighter and ensure that the clamp works well and safely.

The Locking Clamp

Types of Clamps

Such clamps have the characteristics of both a plier and a C clamp. The jaw of this clamp resembles the letter C. When you apply a lot of force to the lever, it gets tighter and clasps all the pieces that you are working on firmly together.

The Hand Screw Clamp

Types of Clamps

This kind of clamp is also a standard kind of clamp that everyone is familiar with. They are excellent at fastening parts of furniture together. A big advantage with these clamps is that their jaws are adaptable and are capable of handling items even at angles that are uneven. Since they are really heavy-duty tools, they need to be powerful and so are made of steel that increases their longevity.

The Trigger Clamp

Types of Clamps

This is an all-round multipurpose clamp that needs only one hand to work it. Hence, it is also known as a one-handed clamp. Since it is uncomplicated, it can be handled with a lot of ease and is sturdy and dependable. It has both industrial and domestic uses and so, is present in workshops and houses, and gardens.

It can be a very handy tool for people with hobbies that require such work. The position of the jaw can be changed using a trigger mechanism. There are two ways of operating the trigger – with a button or a lever. This actually makes the release of the clamp prompt and effortless.

The Drill Press Clamp

Types of Clamps

These clamps are exclusively used with drill press tables and are designed specifically for them. When we cut material required for work, it is imperative that they do not move so that our cuts are precise and perfect.

The drill press clamps help us greatly with this as they hold down that material so firmly that it does not move even a little bit when we are working on it. If at any point, you feel that the grip needs to be more firm, you need to just adjust the clamp. It releases immediately and this makes the whole process more secure and easy.

The Clip Hangers

Types of Clamps

These clamps come in clothes hangers. There are two of them in a hanger usually so that it is convenient to dry out clothing such as skirts and pants. There is a perfect balance in the way these hangers work for they should be tough enough to hold clothes that are not heavy but at the same time should be delicate on clothes so that they are not held too firmly or spoilt because of the clamp. In fact, to ensure that these clamps do not ruin very delicate clothing such as the ones made of silk and wool, some clamps are provided with some padding for additional safety.

The Picture Frame Clamp

Types of Clamps

These frames are specifically used to make photo frames and this explains their structure. A good amount of space for a square or rectangular frame is made by assembling a set of four miter clamps.

They are linked together to create this space. This structure makes it easy for these clamps to fix four pieces of material required for a photo frame. It also results in four perfectly formed miter joints.

These clamps are very efficient in making the photo frame very sturdy by making sure that the frame itself is pasted and fastened perfectly. The resulting look is a neat and sturdy one.

The Flooring Clamp

Types of Clamps

These clamps have only one role and they do this exceptionally well. They are huge clamps and are integral to laying tongue and groove floors. When these floors are laid, it is extremely important to ensure that the floorboards are perfectly in place.

Without these clamps holding down these floorboards in the exact position, it is very difficult for carpenters to fix them using nails. These clamps are very dependable and will not, under any circumstances, allow the floorboards to move. The best part is that these clamps are capable of holding down even 10 boards simultaneously.

The Speed Clamp

Types of Clamps

This clamp is provided with a long flat bar which gives it the appearance of the alphabet F. Hence it gets the name of F clamp. It is also known as the bar clamp. They are very regularly used tools in woodworking and metalworking.

Their primary job is to clamp two materials together. This is to enable the worker to stick, screw or weld the materials together in the required way. Though they resemble the C clamp in their function, the jaw provided for these clamps is much bigger than the jaw of the C clamp. Due to this, these clamps are good enough to hold things that are much larger. Using a screw, we can make these clamps tighter or looser depending on our requirements.

The Hose Clamp

Types of Clamps

These clamps are round in shape and are made out of metal that is not too thick. Frequently, the metal in use for these clamps is aluminum. Tiny screws are used to tighten these clamps. They are fashioned in such a way that they can hold cables or materials of the same size together easily.

Hence, they find various uses in houses and in automobiles. They can be used in the place of cable ties or duct tape. However, these clamps are much stronger than them as they have the advantage of being made of metal.

The Screw Clamp

Types of Clamps

The strength of these clamps is due to the two handles that they have been provided with. These handles can be used to make the grip tighter or looser as required. This is achieved by screwing through the threads. They are extra strong and very reliable at work and so they are generally used in woodworking or metalworking.

The Quick Grip

Types of Clamps

These clamps do not have a very big jaw as they are basically designed for lighter work that is not very heavy duty. They are ideal for situations where two thin metal sheets have to be held together. You can operate them manually using only one hand.

This gives you the advantage of having the other hand free to work on your materials simultaneously. They are very comfortable to use and help you finish your work rapidly too. The inbuilt quick release mechanism makes it possible to release the materials held by the clamp promptly.

The Cardellini Clamp

Types of Clamps

These clamps are very versatile and are fashioned in such a way as to hold tubing firmly while you work on it. They are capable of handling both round and square tubing. In addition to this, they are also capable of clasping flat items.

For instance, they can hold pieces of plywood or metal sheeting. They have a thin body and this is a major advantage as it can be used comfortably even in cramped spaces and in places that are narrow. The minimum requirement to insert this tool is 2 inches.

However, there is one thing to be noted about these clamps. Compared to the other clamps, these clamps may cause damage to the material they are holding if they are held too tightly. It is always advisable to bear this in mind when you work with them.

The Kant-Twist Clamp

Types of Clamps

This small, but ingeniously designed tool is perfect when you have to hold different types of materials. However, the maximum use that it finds is in woodworking and metalworking. Though it resembles the C clamp largely, it is designed at an angle that makes it possible to clamp materials that are not necessarily parallel to each other.

They can be used rather effortlessly and also allow different kinds of movements that facilitate work. Apart from this, they are also very powerful and tough. The material used for this clamp is normally steel or another alloy. They are not highly-priced too.

The Pennington Clamp

Types of Clamps

The other name for this clamp is the Duval clamp. It derives its name from its inventor, David Geoffrey Pennington, a pioneer, who introduced microsurgeries. This clamp has a very different shape and resembles a thin pair of scissors.

It has something like triangular eyelets at the tips. These clamps are the preferred choice in surgeries where delicate tissue has to be held. They are normally used in rectal and intestinal procedures and in Cesarean sections.

The Hemostatic Clamp

Types of Clamps

These clamps are also surgical clamps and do resemble a pair of scissors. Their ends close very tightly to form a flat, tight line. Their major use is to bring bleeding under control. They are regularly used in order to hold blood vessels tightly ahead of ligaturing.

The clamp in this tool is controlled by the handles which bring the clamps together tightly and also ensure that the clamp does not accidentally open up when it is in use. The other names for these clamps are arterial forceps and peans.

The tip of this clamp also differs from different models. The tip may be straight or curved depending on the design. There are other clamps like Satinsky clamps, Crile forceps, Kelly forceps, and Rankin forceps which are also used in medical procedures.

The Mogen and Gomco Clamps

Types of Clamps

This is a clamp that has a very specific function name, to carry out circumcisions. It is very comfortable to use and leaves back the least amount of scars. Since they can be used numerous times, proper sanitization has to be ensured so that germs and infections are not spread from one person to another.

The Foerster Clamp

Types of Clamps

These are also clamps used in medical procedures. They also look a lot like scissors. The eyelets at the end are rounded. They have a specialized use that is to hold material that is spongy in texture.

So, they are ideal to hold medical sponges or soft tissues like the tissues of the lungs. As they perform this function, they also simultaneously wipe away surplus fluid such as blood or saliva.

This function makes it perfect for procedures such as tongue piercings. They hold the tongue firmly so that the needle pierces the tongue exactly in the correct place. The clamp derives its name from a doctor called David William Foerster. He is based in Oklahoma and is known for pioneering sex-change surgeries.

The Ear Clamp

Types of Clamps

This clamp is so tiny that it usually does not exceed 1 inch in diameter. The primary function of this clamp is to attach a hose to a fitting, a pipe, or couplers perfectly. It finds a lot of use in the automotive industry as it is ideal for use in thin-walled applications such as small fuel and vacuum.

The Parallel Clamp

Types of Clamps

These clamps work best in holding workpieces in place on large surface areas such as tabletops and doors. They have two vertical jaws with one-handed triggers that are fixed parallel to each other. 

The Corner Clamp

Types of Clamps

If you have the need to fix two workpieces at a right-angled slant, then the precise tool to use will be the corner clamp. It is specially designed to work at corners. Since they are specialized for this, they do not serve any other purpose.

The Cable Clamp

Types of Clamps

This is a clamp with u bolt that comes to our rescue when there is a cable wire or steel rope that has become loose. This clamp can make it right and correct the situation. This clamp, which is not very big, allows some movement for the cables but at the same time, it holds them firmly in place also.

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