What are the different types of Architecture ? – When you arrive at a new place, one of the first things you take note of is the architecture. Yes, architecture is the face of every culture – of every time period and every race. And there’s just so many types! Egyptian, Greek, Neoclassical, Gothic, Byzantine, and so many others!
And yet, it is common for people not to be well-versed in the different styles of architecture. If you saw a building, any building, would you be able to tell exactly what style it is? Can you identify it by the materials, form, and design used?
If not read on, because today we’re going through the nine most major architectural styles – from the Ancient Egyptian times all the way to modern day. It doesn’t matter if you’re an architecture enthusiast or just curious, if you want to learn about the different kinds of architecture, read on!
Here are The Different Types of Architecture
1. Ancient Egyptian Architecture
Timeline: 3,050 BC to 900 BC
Signature Building: Pyramid complex of Giza
As we mentioned, the architecture of a region or era represents its time-period or civilization. This is definitely the case with Egypt – it is amongst the mightiest civilizations in history, and its architecture confirms that.
Of course, when we think of Egyptian Architecture we think of the world famous pyramids, but there’s much more than that. Those of you who have been to this spectacular land will have seen the numerous spectacular temples, public halls, and various other exquisite architectural beauties.
2. Greek and Roman Architecture
Timeline: 850 BC to 476 AD
Signature building: Parthenon
Once again, Greek and Roman Architecture proves the point that architecture is the face of a civilization. When we think of the Greeks and Romans, we think of mathematics, geometry, philosophy, and overall academics. The buildings of Ancient Greece and Rome are engineering masterpieces, built with absolute precision so that most of them still stand in decent shape even today. Especially known for their exquisite columns, these buildings are a true treasure.
3. Byzantine Architecture
Timeline: 527 to 1453
Signature building: Hagia Sophia
The Byzantine Empire was yet another glorious civilization which displayed exquisite taste in their architecture. They really went all out when it came to making their buildings look rich and royal by using lots of fancy colors, arranging mosaics into elaborate exotic patterns, and building splendid domes such as that of the famous Hagia Sophia in Istanbul, Turkey.
Due to its rich nature, this style of architecture especially flourished during the second half of the Byzantine Era, when the Empire was especially prosperous.
3. Gothic Architecture
Timeline: 1150 to c. 1530
Signature building: Notre Dame
This style of architecture started gaining popularity towards the beginning of the second millennium, when it was known as Opus Francigenum, or “French work.” After the Byzantine Style, this was the second major architectural style to actively incorporate design elements and decorative plans into its buildings – especially the elaborate stained glass windows.
This style is mostly linked to churches and cathedrals – most ancient churches are built in the Gothic style. A good example is the Notre-Dame in Paris, another one is the Main Cathedral in Milan, which is a very interesting blend of two cultures.
The principal of the style is minimum weight and maximum height, which is why the walls and columns are as thin as possible.
4. Neoclassical Architecture
Timeline: 1730 to 1925
Signature building: White House
The concept of neoclassical architecture spun off due to a passion for ancient architecture, specifically the Greco-Roman, spiced with unique new styles never thought of before. It was mostly used in institutional and government buildings in the US and Europe. Significant by its marble and stone materials, as well as its porticos and large staircases, this style is truly a turning point in architectural history.
5. Art Nouveau Architecture
Timeline: 1890 to 1914
Signature building: Hôtel Tassel
Art Nouveau literally means ‘new art’. It is actually a style of art in general – not just architecture, and it was intended to be as different as possible from the formal style of Neoclassicism. The houses always look as natural as possible – mostly including designs such as drawings of birds, animals, and plant forms. Everything is very warm and pleasant, in contrast to the sometimes cold neoclassical designs. The materials used are also cozier – terra cotta, clay, tiles, and in modern cases, metal and glass. Everything is colored to look as close to nature as possible – browns, greens, sometimes yellow and blue.
Art Nouveau is especially common in Austria (especially Vienna), Italy and Germany.
6. Modern Architecture
Timeline: 1900 to 1960s
Signature building: Villa Savoye by Le Corbusier
Most constructions nowadays are either Modern Architecture or its derivative. Modern Architecture was yet another turning point in architecture, specifically due to its cheap, easy to build and quick aspects. Reinforced concrete, glass and steel, all easy to attain and low-priced, as well as relatively durable, constitute the majority of these buildings.
7. Brutalist Architecture
Timeline: 1950s to 1960s
Signature building: The Breuer Building
As the name itself might suggest, Brutalist architecture focuses less on style and more on stability and durability. The buildings are usually raw concrete, straight edged without domes or slanted roofs, and with lots of small windows. They are most popular in Europe, although the style has spread to many other parts of the world as well.
A very famous Brutalist building is the Breuer Building in New York City.
8. Neofuturist Architecture
Timeline: 2007 to present
Signature building: The Shard
Neo-Futurist Architecture is the most commonly used today – and it is still seeing major changes as architects worldwide are modifying and improving it. The main focus is eco-sustainable materials and technological integration, and a futuristic look.
So that’s it for today – now you should be able to look at most buildings and say what style it is. Of course, these are only the nine most common styles – there are many many more on thehubhaus.com