14 Different Types of Ceilings and Materials

Have you ever considered how important ceilings are to our houses? And are you aware of how many different types of ceilings are now available? Well if you aren’t, then read on! Let us consider the first question first – the importance of ceilings.

Ceilings are indispensable as they bolster the walls, the very floor that we stand on and all the furniture that the floor has. But, that is not all!! They add an all-important effect to the interior design of a house.

The entire look of the house changes based on the height of the ceiling,  what it is  made of and the fashion in which it is made. A remarkable ceiling, adorned with innovative architecture, will definitely enrich the interior design value of a house. Let us now look at the various kinds of ceilings that are available.

The False Ceiling

False ceilings are located lower than the actual ceiling called the main ceiling. They are usually the T-bar kind of ceiling and are normally part of newly fashioned residences. Initially, these kinds of ceilings were used as covers.

Types of Ceilings
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They were used to hide unsightly wiring, plumbing and ducts. However, they now signify fashionable architecture. Coupled with the right kind of soft lighting and accessories, these ceilings can transform your rooms and make them enchanting.

These ceilings come in a variety of textures that you can choose from such as feature textures, fiber panels and geometric designs. They, however, take up a lot of space and so, before setting up one, it is important to consider the dimensions of the room in which you plan to have the ceiling.

The Shed Ceilings

These kinds of ceilings are slanted and slope down on one side. Hence, they best fit into places that require a sloped roof such as an attic. They can also be used in rooms such as a loft room which has a roof that slopes. In such rooms, they are installed under the roof.

Types of Ceilings
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Compared to vaulted ceilings, the rise angle of these ceilings is not steep. This ensures that the room receives a lot of light and air and is insulated well too. Since the ceiling slopes down, the height of the supporting wall is not equal. However, we can always adjust it so that the ceiling slopes lower down, thus making big rooms more compact.

These ceilings can embellish the interior decoration in your upper floors perfectly. One thing to ensure when you fit them in is to make enough space for you to stand up comfortably. If the ceiling is too low, then there are chances that you might hurt your head on the ceiling when you stand up.

The Tray Ceilings

These ceilings are also called recessed ceilings and they get this name as they are curved inwards like a tray that has been upturned. They constitute the centre of the ceiling and are placed higher than the other parts of the ceiling.

Types of Ceilings
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There is a groove running along the sides which makes it possible to put up LED lights. The effect of these lights is spectacular and will definitely accentuate the lighting effect of the room. This works much better when used in places that have an open plan.

These ceilings are an asset as they tend to bring about a focal point in the room they are used in. These focal points generate a special visual effect that is very appealing. The best part is that this is true for any room they are used in. They are gaining popularity rapidly and nowadays, people living in fashionable modern town house designs tend to choose them specially for their bedrooms and living rooms.

The Flat Ceilings

These ceilings are the traditional type of ceilings and they are not less impressive than the architectural ones in any way. They are very widely used and are more prevalent than any other type of ceiling.

Types of Ceilings

Their looks can be further heightened if trays or wooden beams are also used in addition. There are innumerable ways in which these ceilings can be laid out using mouldings or lighting features.

Characteristically, this ceiling is not decorative and is made up of an 8 foot vertical continuation which goes up from the floor. The shortcomings of this traditional type of ceiling were usually concealed by using “popcorn” texturing.

However, there are some inconveniences that cannot be masked. It does collect a lot of grime and cleaning this is not easy. Additionally, at times, these ceilings tend to give a darker look to rooms. As a result, a neutral colour, which does not give this effect is chosen commonly for these ceilings.

The Tin Ceilings

Tin ceilings are usually seen in suburban houses. Tin ceilings are decorative attributes that are made by pressing tin plates into the infrastructure of the ceiling. They became famous as they were integral to the exquisite interior design that was in vogue in America in the late 1800s. They were popularly used in Victorian houses in the 19th and 20th century in North America.

Types of Ceilings

Tin ceilings have a lot of advantages as they are not at all heavy, are long lasting, can be installed without a fuss, and are fire resistant. So, apart from their stunning looks, they also have a number of practical uses.

The Coffered Ceilings

Though they are very similar to tray ceilings, the difference is that coffered ceilings have many more parts that are more deep set than the rest. This makes a difference in the proportions. Owing to this difference in structure,  rooms with tray ceilings appear to have lesser space than they actually do.

This drawback is not there with coffered ceilings. Grid-like timber or stone crossbeams, perpendicular beams or crown moulding with sunken panels are used to create these conventional ceilings. They are the most preferred type of ceiling for ornamental purposes. They also make the ceiling very sturdy.

The Cathedral Ceilings

If you want to make a small room – even a very small room – appear bigger and more roomy, then vaulted ceilings are your choice.  These ceilings are usually inclined, but maintain a height of at least 15 feet.

Types of Ceilings

These ceilings are made of a pitch in the centre and two acutely inclined sides. These sides meet the ridge at the centre. This sort of an arrangement resembles the structure of cathedrals and so, these ceilings are also called cathedral ceilings. A majority of this type of ceilings have beams that are readily visible.

These beams also tend to draw our attention instantly whichever room they are situated in. In combination with a beadboard, these ceilings can also make a room look very fashionable. Ceilings which are peaked allow a lot more of light and air, but these type of ceilings can be fixed only in houses with high ceilings.

Fortunately, these ceilings are not confined only to such houses as they have continuously improved and have taken different shapes to suit different types of houses. The following are examples of the different forms that this type of ceiling is available in.

The Domed Ceilings

As the name itself indicates, these ceilings are similar to a dome. They are capable of giving more importance to the ceiling. Beautifying paint, a chandelier or recessed lighting will spotlight the domed ceilings even better. These ceilings will give a picture-perfect look to dining rooms, hallways and living rooms.

The Pitched Brick Vaults

Invented as early as 3000 BC, these ceilings were developed based on  the structure of the dome ceilings as far as the fitting of bricks are concerned. Instead of being placed geometrically, the bricks are placed in such a way that they slant at certain angles.

Though this is not in use as much as the domed ceiling is, it is regarded as an architectural feature. It is to be noted that the pattern in which the bricks are positioned needs a lot of know how and skill and so it is always advisable to get help to assemble these ceilings.

The Barrel Vaulted Ceilings

This age-old type of ceiling is architectural in nature and is called the barrel or tunnel vault. Though it came into existence in Egypt and olden day Persia, it was subsequently made famous by the Romans.

It is made up of a domed vault  that looks like half a cylinder and is structured like a barrel. It starts at one end of the ceiling and continues till the other end. They are typically used in lengthy hallways or lobbies. It must be remembered that this type of ceiling needs a ceiling that is high and will be best used in places that are not closed.

The advantage of these ceilings is that they allow a lot of light into the room and so, it is best to use light colours on them. As the bricks are the most important part, they need not be covered. However, there is one disadvantage also with these ceilings. Since they are really elevated, they tend to use up a lot of energy during months which are colder than the others.

The Cove Ceilings

These ceilings, which are typically found in bedrooms and living rooms, come in many lay outs and fashions. The primary approach to these ceilings is the method in which the wall and the ceiling are joined at a wide angle. These ceilings consist of curves that are spherical or not too deep based on the pattern and the way each one is made.

Coupling them with tray ceilings improves their looks multi fold. They also highlight the light fittings in the room. These ceilings normally adorn historic houses and sometimes have opulent tiles for an even more fashionable look.

The Beamed Ceilings

Beamed ceilings made of wood are the unparalleled central points in any room. They are made of uncovered structural joists which hold up the whole building. Since the ceiling is not entirely covered, it makes the house look a lot more appealing.

Apart from the eye catching effect it brings in to rooms that are huge, it renders the house more welcoming and conventional. In contemporary houses, the same outcome can be achieved by fixing faux beams from one end of the ceiling to the other.

However, it is imperative to allow a height of a minimum of 10 meters for the ceiling. Otherwise, the ceiling will make the room look smaller.

The Shadow Lined Ceilings

Cornices or shadow lined ceilings have been in vogue for hundreds of years. They are used mainly to hide the differences that arise where the wall and ceiling are joined. Putting up these ceilings is comparatively simple and by annexing a recess or metal stopping angle, the shadow lines can be further strengthened.

In order to achieve this perfectly, cutting the ceiling sheets and the wall skilfully is very essential. Many houses which are plain and recent use these ceilings to give a simple touch.  

The High Ceilings

These ceilings are the most fascinating of the lot as they make rooms look classy and capacious. They are common in buildings which are twice the normal height like Victorian and bungalow-style structures.

The main intention behind using these ceilings like this in these buildings is to bring about some open space. The downside of these ceilings is the same as that of the vaulted ceilings. They use up an excessive measure of energy in controlling the temperature of the room.

The Exposed Ceilings

Does the idea of a ceiling with unconcealed pipes, bricks, electrical wiring and ductwork seem appealing to you? Then, you must go in for an exposed ceiling. Though this is rather popular in houses in Manhattan, it has captured the interest of people passionate about interior designing all over the world.

Industrial lighting fixtures or archetypal chandeliers will definitely complement the outlandish effect of these ceilings. Rooms that are not well lit will coordinate well with these ceilings.

The Acoustic Ceilings

These ceilings have suspended or dropped ceiling grid tiles and  give a very distinguished appearance to any room. Do they have any other benefit? Yes, they do. They diminish surrounding noise.

When used with soundproof curtains, the sound is reduced to a large extent. This is because these ceilings are produced using mineral fiber which is, in turn, made by combining substances such as clay, perlite and newsprint which are very efficient at soaking up the sound around and lowering the echo too.

Ceiling Material Options

The dry Wall

A dry wall ceiling is usually fixed straightaway to the joists in the ceiling by fixing them to the joints. These ceiling serve multiple purposes. Normally utilized on flat ceilings, they can be modified to cut off noise and also to conceal any irregularity. Orange peel, splatter and popcorn are very frequently used to make these ceilings.

The Plaster

Plaster was the most prevalent material used for ceiling and walls. Plaster is very adaptable and can be laid on to any surface be it wood, brick or stone. Moreover, it can be shaped into ornamental designs similar to drywall.

The Metal

Stamped metal is an embellishing material that is employed for ceilings particularly for tin ceilings. Stamped metal makes the room stand out. The material became famous in the US soon after the Civil War.

The advantages of this metal are that it can be fixed effortlessly and is very enduring. We also have the option of a 3D design which can be painted on the metal. To further beautify the ceiling, copper or chrome can be used.

The Wood

To add a noticeably brilliant and snug look to you room, use wooden ceilings. When you use this, you can confidently use a chain of wooden beams, planks or tongue and groove rafters.

This is because, irrespective of all this, wood, which is such a realistic substance is so functional and adorning that the room immediately acquires a desirable and amicable look. Since it is wood, the biggest advantage is that you can choose the colour according to the other colours in your room.

The Fiber glass Tile

This kind of tile is made out of glass fibers in polymer coating. The main difference between this and wood is that fibreglass is much cheaper. Fibreglass is not as heavy as wood and does not harm the environment in any way.

Another way to make these tiles is from recycled glass. This makes it so much easier to handle than the other materials. People prefer this as it is free of asbestos that is present in plaster and hence does not pose a problem to health.

These tiles are easy to fix onto the ceiling without any fear of it resulting in slumping. Added to all these advantages, it is also able to decrease noise in the room and does not catch fire easily.

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