Kitchen sink parts – Kitchen sinks are something everyone uses. It’s hard to imagine a kitchen without a sink. Washing the dishes, disposing of wastewater is the prime activities we do with sinks.
However, Kitchen sink makers use different types of materials to build them, They come in various sizes and designs. But have you ever thought about – what are the parts of a sink? Assembling a kitchen sink yourself can be a bit tough, but with this tutorial and a bit of DIY experience, it is completely possible.
In this article, we’ll go over the most important parts of a kitchen sink, as well as what their uses are, how they go together, and how you can install one in your house.
What Are the Kitchen Sink Parts ?
Kitchen Sink Parts : Basin
The kitchen basin is the main part of the sink. It’s the bowl that holds the water from the tap before it drains out down the pipe. Basins come into work for various purposes like washing hands, washing dishes and they can be mounted on the side of the wall, or on top of a table or pedestal.
There are many materials, styles, and shapes that basins come in, and you’ll need to think about your own needs before making a decision.
Kitchen Sink Parts : Faucet
The faucet, also known as the tap, is the part of the sink that the water comes from, into the basin. Once again, according to your personal needs, you will need to make a decision on what shape and material you need for your faucet. There are also two styles of faucets – single/double handle. The difference is that a single handle faucet controls both cold and hot water with one handle, while double handle faucets have a dedicated handle for hot and cold water respectively.
Kitchen Sink Parts :Faucet Aerator
The purpose of the faucet aerator is to control the water flowing from the faucet. It consists of a small piece of mesh, located at the faucet’s opening. It makes the water flow in a steady, controllable stream, as well as helps save on your water consumption.
Kitchen Sink Parts : Compression Coupling
Couplings are a common piece of plumbing hardware, which is used for connecting any two pipes, or a valve and a pipe. In the case of a kitchen sink, they form the link between the incoming water pipe and the faucet.
Kitchen Sink Parts : Sprayer Hose
A sprayer hose isn’t a must for kitchen sinks but is definitely a plus to consider. It is an extra unit, placed in between the input water supply and the faucet. It allows for a longer reach for the direct flow of water, especially useful for dishwashing.
Kitchen Sink Parts : Countertop
The level around the sink is called the countertop, and it can be used for keeping almost anything – dishes, ingredients, stoves, among other things.
Kitchen Sink Parts : Garbage Disposer
A garbage disposer is a unit in kitchen sinks that is particularly useful to ensure the drain does not become blocked. It is located in between the drain and the trap, and it grinds up any large pieces of waste which may otherwise cause a clog.
Kitchen Sink Parts : P Trap
P Traps are extremely important components of kitchen sinks, as they ensure that water doesn’t splash back out of the pipe when it enters it. It consists of a u-shaped piece of pipe, which fills with water and thus eases the flow of water on the way down, as well as prevents gases that can accumulate in the sewer from making their way up the pipe.
Kitchen Sink Parts : Tailpiece
The tailpiece is a straight piece of pipe that connects the basket strainer to the P trap.
Kitchen Sink Parts : Waste Arm
The waste arm is the section of pipe that the water flows through after passing through the P trap, before reaching the main drain. It is usually attached to the trap by a nut and a washer and allows for the water to directly flow into the drain after leaving the P trap.
Kitchen Sink Parts : Cold and Hot Water Supply Pipes
As the name suggests, these pipes respectively supply cold and hot water to the faucet. The water usually flows from under the sink. They will each have a valve so that you can individually shut the water supply if the need arises.
Kitchen Sink Parts : Rubber Gasket
Rubber gaskets are important components in plumbing. They consist of small circles of rubber, which are placed around any place that two pipes join. They are intended to prevent water leakage because joints can sometimes get loose.
Kitchen Sink Parts : Basket Strainer
The basket strainer is placed at the bottom of the basin, straining whatever wastewater exits the basin to ensure that the drain does not clog. This component should not be overlooked, and should be cleaned regularly because failing to do so may result in quite some serious issues.
Kitchen Sink Parts : Drain Pipe
The drain pipe is most commonly made of PVC or copper, although in older houses you may find steel or iron drain pipes as well. The drain pipe is located below the sink, and it is what transports the used water that enters it from the waste arm and carries it out of the house.
Kitchen Sink Parts : Shutoff Valve
Sometimes, a section of your supply pipe may require replacement or repair due to a leak or other reasons. In this kind of situation, having a shutoff valve can be extremely helpful, as you can cut off the water supply for the sink without stopping the main water supply for the entire house or building.
Now that you have a basic idea of the main parts of a kitchen sink, and their functions, you should be able to easily identify them and understand their uses. Read on to learn how to install the sink yourself.
How to Install a Kitchen Sink via DIY
Firstly, think about what kind of sink you’ll need. Besides size, shape, and single/double faucet, another very important thing to consider is whether you want an under-mount or overmount sink.
Undermount sinks are mounted under the counter, and they require solid countertops like stone. Drop-in sinks don’t look as good as undermount ones, but they are a lot more stable in terms of durability, and they can be installed on almost any countertop. Here is the full difference between the undermount sink vs drop in sink.
Once you’ve made your choice and purchased the sink, follow these steps to proceed with the installation:
- Compare the sizes of the old and new sink. If the dimensions are different, you may need to make a few adjustments, such as moving the drain or modifying the countertop or the plumbing system. Remember to use safety goggles when working with plumbing.
- Remove the old sink. Be sure to remember how the plumbing is set up so that you can reassemble it once the new sink’s in. Before you disconnect any supply pipes, be sure to shut off the water supply. Always keep an empty bucket at hand, just in case.
- Fit the new sink on the countertop. If the opening is too small, you can use a jigsaw, tile cutter, or any other tool to modify it. Be sure to carefully trace the outline of the new sink before cutting.
- Now that the sink’s in place, install the rest of the components such as the faucet and water supply pipes.
- Turn the water back on and check for leaks.
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Here are the FAQ’s of the Kitchen sink Parts
What are the parts of a kitchen sink called?
Generally, the kitchen sink parts you will see often is as follow :
- Controls: Controls are what allow you to turn the water on or off. Single lever styles that rotate to control water temperature and separate left and right hot/cold controls are common. A variety of styles mean you can pick the one that functions and looks best in your home.
- Faucet : Faucets are the one of the most essential part of the kitchen sink. It sends the all dirt water out. In that, sink faucet also has different parts, they are : water spout, contoller, gaskets, aerators, washers, screws.
- Controls: The second must kitchen sink part is the ” controller “. It controls the water’s flow when you trun ” ON and ” OFF”.