Types of Cherry wood – Cherry wood is a prevalent variety of hardwood usually utilised in many different ways. It is preferred to make furniture, cabinet, flooring, door, carving, veneers, joineries, musical instruments, and moldings.
It is greatly appreciated for its gorgeous looks and long-lasting quality. Another major advantage of this type of wood is that working with it is pretty effortless. The advantages do not end there. As it gets older, it looks more fabulous and the color deepens too.
What Does Cherry Wood Look Like
Cherry wood look like a reddish brown with a golden hue. However, when the wood gets a fresh cut, it gets a very light or pale colour. The cherry trees are amazing as they can live up to a century and can reach a height of a 100 feet. The wood that the tree yields has a fine and straight grain. In due course, these colours deepen and become rich brown-red. This change is due to the process of oxidation.
Cherry wood is preferred because it is amazingly adaptable and is extremely long lasting. If you use cherry wood for your house, you will never have to worry about it decomposing or deteriorating due to its enduring nature. The wood is so pliable that it facilitates cutting, carving and molding for a variety of uses.
This wood was used in Greece and Rome way back in 400 B.C. The deep colour of the wood earned it the name “New England Mahogany”. The key reasons for its extensive use for cabinets and furniture in that period were that it was heavy and long lasting.
Below are the types of Cherry wood for you :-
Black Cherry Wood
The wide usage of this type of wood has earned it various names such as American Cherry, Whiskey cherry, Wild Cherry, Chokecherry and Rum cherry. It goes by the scientific name of “Prunus Serotina”. Though the tree that gives us this wood, the Black Cherry wood is native to Northern America, the biggest producer is the eastern coast of the United States.
There are different shades of this kind of wood. As soon as it is cut, it is light pinkish brown. However, eventually, after exposure to the sun for some time, the colour deepens to medium reddish brown. Another interesting fact about this wood is that its sapwood is differently coloured. It is a pale yellow.
It is very comfortable to work with the grain of this kind of wood as it is smooth and straight. This makes it a favorite with people who create furniture. But, it is important to remember that this is not true with all black cherry wood. Some of them have grain with a curly pattern. This pattern makes it difficult to handle the wood.
Gum or mineral deposit is sometimes found in Black cherry. Since these two elements are not so obvious when we look at the wood, it becomes favorable to the people who decide to buy furniture made out of this wood. After some time, the mineral deposits will lend an exceptional and charming look to the furniture.
Talking about the next feature of black cherry, would you ever like to spend your hard earned money on furniture that will spoil in a short time? Nobody would!! This problem does not arise when we buy black cherry. It is so long lasting and enduring that people who make furniture always prefer it. Black cherry becomes the ideal wood for furniture and cabinets due to these two qualities.
Black cherry ranks high in terms of adaptability also which explains why manufacturers do not hesitate to spend money on it. Since the grain is straight and stable, it is easy to work with it. The only difficulty will be with staining the wood since this will lead to a patchy look. This can be avoided by using a gel-based stain before the staining is done.
When furniture is made from Black cherry wood, it gives out a light, characteristic smell. People with breathing issues must avoid such places as the sawdust may be detrimental to health, leading to wheezing and coughing.
As Black cherry is not in danger of going extinct, it is well within reach as far as cost is concerned. It is equivalent to the price of walnut. However, it costs more than maple or oak wood. Black cherry is generally utilized for cabinets and furniture, paneling, carving and flooring. It is the perfect choice for musical instruments, tobacco pipes and burial caskets.
Sweet Cherry Wood
The other name for this wood is European cherry wood and the tree grows only in select areas of Asia and Europe.
The scientific name of this tree is “Prunus Avium”. It can grow up to a surprising 65 feet. The trunk can be as thick as 2 feet also. However, it is not as big as the black cherry tree.
Though it may not equal the black cherry tree in size, it exceeds the black cherry wood in quality.
It is unquestionably the best wood when it comes to being durable. It can last for a very long time as it resists any kind of deterioration. One other dissimilarity between the two types of wood in discussion is the colour.
Sweet cherry has more variations in colour than black cherry wood. It is much tougher than black cherry wood. It is true that this wood is not as common as black cherry wood. This may play a big role in deciding its cost particularly in Northern America.
Immediately after being cut, sweet cherry wood is light pink or brown. Later, it becomes golden brown. The width of the sapwood is about 1 or 2 inches and is a light yellow.
As is typical with different varieties of cherry wood, sweet cherry wood is dependable, gorgeous and long lasting. It becomes more beautiful as the years go by and is a good choice for floors, furniture and boats.
The texture can differ from fine to medium. It has a close grain that is normally entirely straight or a little wavy. The end grain is semi-porous. It has small holes. There are two or three radials also which have unique growth rings.
The black cherry and sweet cherry wood are similar in the fact that both of them have a great amount of mineral and gum deposits. However, this is favored because of the extraordinary appearance it gives the wood. This is very significant for people who are looking to market wood at an exorbitant price.
Black cherry is clearly not a threatening kind of tree as it has not found mention in the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), Red List of Threatened Species nor the CITES appendices. Yet, surprisingly, it is not as freely available as black cherry wood.
Availability of Sweet cherry wood is limited to some parts of Asia and Europe only. As a result, it is pretty expensive. As a result of the high price and restricted availability, it is sold only as small pieces. There are regions to which this tree is native and hence grows spontaneously. But, even in these regions, the prices are elevated.
Though Sweet cherry wood is reasonably long-standing, it does not equal black cherry wood in resistance to the damage brought by insects. This is one reason for manufacturers to prefer Black cherry wood for their furniture.
Sweet cherry wood equals Black cherry wood as far as being adaptable goes and can be worked on manually or with machines. Sweet cherry wood is favored by several manufacturers for this quality. However, staining the wood poses a problem for some manufacturers as the process could lead to a patchy look. This is due to the closed fine grain in sweet cherry wood.
It is advisable to utilise either gel stains or sanding sealers prior to staining. Manufacturers generally use glues, finishes and turns also when they are staining the wood to avoid a patchy look.
Unlike black cherry wood, sweet cherry wood emits no smell at all when people work with it. This makes it rather safe as it does not lead to breathing issues or health problems.
Black cherry and sweet cherry wood are not the only ones available in the market. The other kinds of wood sold are Brazilian cherry, Patagonian cherry, Caribbean cherry and Chilean cherry.
Brazilian Cherry Wood
Speaking in the strict sense, Brazilian cherry does not fall under the category of cherry wood. It is obtained from the Jatoba, a tree with the scientific name of Hymenaea Courbaril. Initially, this tree was recognized for its fruit.
Nevertheless, when the wood of this tree was sold abroad in the United States, it became recognized as wood that is extraordinary and long lasting when used for the floor. Hence, though it originally comes under the legume family, it came to be known by the name of Brazilian cherry.
The only thing that is common between the Brazilian cherry and the original cherry is the colour. The original colour of this wood and the colour of the black cherry are very identical.
The tree that yields this wood is from specific regions in Southern and Central America, more specifically in Mexico.
It can get as tall as 130 feet and its trunk could expand to a width of 4 feet. It is extraordinarily rigid, sturdy and tough. Since it is reasonably price, it is not surprising that it is largely used as material for building.
The colour of Brazilian cherry is a very special feature and could be anything from orange-brown to a dark reddish-brown. When used in a room it can give a plush look to the room and transform the whole room to look cordial and alluring. The best part is that the colour deepens in response to being subjected to a lot of light.
There is no doubt about the long lasting nature of Brazilian cherry with respect to most other woods. If you live with pets or children at home who can damage the wood in their own ways, worry not. Brazilian cherry can withstand all that and still look as gorgeous as ever. This wood stands out in comparison to other conventional wood used for floors.
It is relatively easy to keep spotless and to preserve the good looks. Since there is absolutely no nasty odour from the wood, it is safe around people who are sensitive to smell and develop breathing problems in such atmospheres.
But, let us face it. Everything comes with advantages and disadvantages. So, the versatile Brazilian cherry wood also has its own shortcomings. The darkening of the colour of the wood when it is exposed to light can also become a disadvantage to some people. Especially, people who love the colour as it is and would not want it to deepen.
This is because even if the wood is of a deep shade when you buy it, it will continue to deepen into a deeper shade as time goes by. So, if you want to stop this, you will have to get creative and come up with ways to prevent light from falling on it or by changing the position of your rugs.
There are two types of this wood called solid and engineered wood. Solid wood lasts longer than engineered wood. Apart from having longevity, the other advantage is that it can be refinished or sanded several times. Floors made with this wood can boost the worth of your house by a lot.
In contrast, engineered Brazilian cherry wood consists of layers. It is topped by a wood veneer. This could be very flimsy or a little too thick based on the characteristic of the product.
Engineered Brazilian cherry wood is not as expensive as solid Brazilian cherry wood. Brazilian cherry wood is not as difficult to install. To conclude, solid Brazilian cherry wood is usually used by experts. Engineered Brazilian cherry wood is adaptable and can be used even in rooms that are exposed to dampness.
Patagonian Cherry Wood
People probably know this wood better as Tiete Rosewood because it actually belongs to the rose family. This wood, which goes by the scientific name of Guibourtia hymenaeifolia, grows abundantly in South America.
Its orange to pinkish colour makes it well known, and, as with the other kinds of woods discussed above, the colour deepens as the wood gets older. This wood is generally utilized for floors that are inside the house and for specialty objects made of wood.
When fully grown, this tree can become huge and can tower up to a 165 feet and reach a width of 6 feet in terms of the diameter of the trunk. It is pretty tough and hard and this actually makes it laborious to work with.
In fact, it has been given a Janka hardness rating of 2,790 pounds. The Janka test is used across the industry and is standard to calculate the hardness of wood. It also indicates the capacity of a particular type of wood to endure deterioration.
This wood is consistent in its looks and colour and this is one of the biggest benefits we get from it. Though it is orange to pinkish-brown when it is fresh, the colour ultimately turns into a deeper red as it gets older.
This quality makes it the preferred material when it comes to designing floors. Apart from this use, it is also favored to make small items of specialty and also turned objects. The pattern of the wood is straight and bland.
However, because the wood is so tough, it tends to be thick and hence, cutting through is demanding. This puts a lot of pressure on the machines and tools too.
Another thing that influences the efficiency of the cutting done by machines is the silica that is present in the wood.
All the factors lead to the fact that it is not at all preferred by manufacturers. Added to these factors, the slight odor that is released when this wood is worked on makes it less favorable. The only asset that is recognized is the uniform and straight grain of the wood.
Due to all the above mentioned factors, Patagonian cherry wood is not very expensive. It works out to around 5 dollars per square foot. This makes it an economical and affordable choice for interior flooring.
Caribbean Cherry Wood
This is native to the Caribbean area, especially Belize and Guatemala. This is a hard, open-pored, rugged wood. It is also called Mayan or Aztec cherry and Black Cabbage Bark. It is used for a variety of things such as floors, furniture, decking and also heavy construction.
Compared to the other trees, this tree is smaller and reaches heights of only a100 feet. The trunk expands to a width of only 2 feet.
So, we would expect it to be easier to work with, right? Well the astonishing fact is that in spite of its small size, the wood is extremely tough and has a Janka test rating of 3,100 pounds! As a result, cutting it and using it for various purposes becomes very complicated. It is infamous for the pressure it puts on machines and dulling cutters.
This wood comes in numerous colors such as yellow, tan brown-red and deep red and this is an advantage. The place of origin of the tree may decide the colour of the wood. This is because of the difference in the kind of soil and the climate of the place in which it grows. It is possible that the colour may deepen as the wood gets older.
The Caribbean cherry wood is not a favorite choice compared to the other cherry wood kinds. This is mainly due to its elevated Janka rating test. Manufacturers and other workers decide against it as it is not at all easy to work with. This leads to this wood being pretty expensive.
Chilean Cherry Wood
Though this kind of wood is called cherry, it does not fall under the cherry family. It actually belongs to the Beech tree family. It is also known as the Nothofagus dombeyi. It is a native of Chile and Argentina and is more popularly known as Coigue.
The grain in this wood is powdery and lustrous. The colour of the wood could be anything between a pale pink to a light tan. However, it is also available in shades of grey or cream. This colour of this wood also deepens as it gets older.
The plus point of this wood is that it ranks low in the janka test. It has a hardness rating of 990 pounds. In comparison to the Caribbean cherry, it is much softer and hence, is easy to work with. It does not put too much pressure on the tools and machines and can be shaped into various items easily.
One major disadvantage of this wood is that the trees do not grow in great numbers and this affects the availability of wood too. Hence, the use of this wood is limited to residential purposes only. As a result of its nonavailability, it is highly priced.
To put everything into a nutshell, the two significant kinds of cherry wood are black cherry wood and sweet cherry wood. Since these are in good supply, they are commonly preferred for flooring, furniture and cabinets.
Brazilian, Caribbean, Patagonian and Chilean are not from the cherry family but from other families of trees. Nevertheless, since their names include the word cherry, they are also sold under the same banner. For more information, go to the homepage of our website – Thehubhaus.com